Theoretical Frameworks Structure, Construction, and Development


Emergence and development

Formal structure

Testing and applying

Policy and practice


Hypotheses, explanations, solutions, predictions, control


Formats, schemes

Formal models


Logically connected statements and propositions


Statements and propositions constructed from concepts




Definitions and assumptions about individuals, groups, interaction, and society




Problems, conflicts, discontinuities


Order, tradition


Social movements, social change


Observation of social phenomena


Study of history, other disciplines, systems of thought


Quantitative and qualitative methods used to observe individuals and groups and their actions and interactions in society


Inductive and deductive reasoning




Results, findings, discoveries


Patterns and regularities













































Verification of hypotheses


Validation and invalidation of statements and propositions



Testing models















Success or failure


Acceptance, durability



Modified from J. H. Turner, The Structure of Sociological Theory, fifth edition, Ch. 1.

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