Social Studies 306

Fall 1998

Assignment 2

Handed out: September 21-22, 1998

Due: October 1, 1998

This assignment asks you to use SPSS and the data set from the 1997 Survey of Student Life to obtain various tables and statistics. Then you are to analyze these results and make a number of comments on them. The comments may be written in pen or pencil on the printout, you can enter the comments directly into the SPSS output, or you can move the SPSS results into a Word for Windows file, enter the comments in the Word file, and print out the Word file.

For this assignment use the data set *746r.sav* in the *0:\STUDENTS\PUBLIC\306DATA* directory.

Set the SPSS options as follows:

*Edit - Options - General*. File order for variable lists.*Edit - Options - Navigator*. Click*Display commands in the log*. On the material you hand in, please include the SPSS commands that you have used.*Edit - Options - Output Labels*.*Variable values in labels*shown as*Values and Labels*.

**1. Frequency Distributions and Statistics**.

- Use
*Statistics - Summarize - Frequencies*to obtain frequency distribution tables for (i) "socializing" and (ii) "making it easier to meet new people" as reasons for consuming alcoholic beverages. Write a brief note describing the similarities or differences between the two distributions. Also, state how the figures for these two variables in the table of the front page of the 1997**Report**were obtained. - Use
*Statistics - Summarize - Frequencies*, along with*Statistics*to obtain frequency distribution tables for (i) grade 12 grades, (ii) overall grade point average and (iii) number of alcoholic drinks consumed per week. From the*Statistics*option, obtain the mean, median, standard deviation and quartiles for each variable. Write a brief note summarizing the results, also noting how (i) and (ii) differ. What might be some of the reasons why the results shown here may differ from the actual values for all University of Regina undergraduates? - Use
*Statistics - Summarize - Descriptives*to obtain as many as possible of the same statistics as in part b. for overall grade point average and number of alcoholic drinks consumed per week. Are the values of the statistics the same as in part b? - Obtain one of the frequency distributions given in each of (i) a table, (ii) a diagram, and (iii) the text of the 1997
**Report**. Note which part of the**Report**you are replicating. If you do not obtain exactly the same results, state or speculate why the results you obtain from SPSS and the results in the**Report**may differ.

**2. Examining Relationships by Comparing Means**.

- The
**Report**on the 1997 Survey noted that alcohol consumption differs little by year of University. Use the*Statistics - Compare Means - Means*procedure to check whether this is correct or not. Describe the pattern that does appear, noting which year has highest and which has lowest alcohol consumption. Does the same pattern exist for number of cigarettes smoked per day? Explain. - Does having a job make a difference to the number of hours reported for the various activities in Q46? Use
*Statistics - Compare Means - Means*to examine the means of the hours, categorized by whether or not the respondent held a job in the Fall 1997 semester. Briefly describe the results.

**3. Examining Relationships by Constructing Cross-Classification Tables**.

(**Optional: **If you are familiar with the chi-square statistic, in addition to the basic table you can use this to summarize the relationship. The chi-square statistic can be requested using the *Statistics *option).

- Use
*Statistics - Summarize - Crosstabs*to provide tables showing how support for multiculturalism (Q40) differs by sex. Obtain row or column percentages as an option. Describe the results. - What is the connection between self-reported health status (Q13) and whether the respondent (i) smoked (Q15) and (ii) ate regular, well balanced meals (Q14)? Obtain these cross-classification tables and write a short note describing the results.

**4. Checking for the Existence of an Hypothesized Relationship**.

- Take one of the statements concerning a relationship between two variables that is provided in the 1997
**Report**. Obtain the table that supports the statement and write a brief note explaining how the table supports the statement. - Take the Schematic Diagram for the 1995 and 1996 Surveys (p. 97 of the
*Manual*), select one of the hypothesized relationships and use the*Statistics - Compare Means - Means*or use*Statistics - Summarize - Crosstabs*procedure to check whether a relationship exists, and whether it is of the sign claimed in the schematic diagram. Write a brief note describing the results.