Sociology 250

Midterm Examination

October 21, 2002

Time: 50 minutes


Answer each of the three questions – within each question you have choices.  The examination has a total of fifty points.


1. Definition or Explanation.  Briefly define or explain three (3) of the following.

(3 x 5 = 15 points).

penal law

the calling

class consciousness



worldly asceticism

collective consciousness




2. Short Anwer.  Select two (2) of the following and write a paragraph on each.   (2 x 10 = 20 points)

a. According to Durkheim, modern society is characterized by restorative or restitutive law.  Explain.

b. Marx is often regarded as capitalism’s severest critic, yet his praise for capitalism was greater than that of other sociological theorists.  Explain this apparent paradox.

c. Adams and Sydie (p. 137) state that Engels “tried to provide a materialist explanation of gender relations.”  Explain.

d. What does Weber mean when he argues that the western world has become increasingly rationalized?

e. How can social integration affect suicide?


3. Quotes.  Select one (1) of the following quotes, restate the quote in your own words, and explain how the ideas expressed in the quote are relevant for sociological theory.   (15 points).

a.  “When I fulfil my obligations as brother, husband, or citizen, when I execute my contracts, I perform duties which are defined, externally to myself and my acts, in law and in custom.”  Durkheim.

b. “The worker becomes poorer the more wealth he produces and the more his production increases in power and extent.  The worker becomes an ever cheaper commodity the more goods he creates.”  Marx

c. Weber states: “the summum bonum of this ethic, the strict earning of more and more money, combined with the strict avoidance of all spontaneous enjoyment of life, ... is thought of ... purely as an end in itself, ... . Man is dominated by the making of money, by acquisition as the ultimate purpose of his life.”