NOAA Satellites

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

orbit: sun-synchoronous, 833 km altitude
swath width: 2400 km
resolution: 1.1 km at nadir

Equator Crossing Times
Satellite Ascending Descending Service Dates
TIROS-N

1500

0300
10/19/78 - 01/30/80
NOAA-6

1930

0730
06/27/79 - 11/16/86
NOAA-7

1430

0230
08/24/81 - 06/07/86
NOAA-8

1930

0730
05/03/83 - 10/31/85
NOAA-9

1420

0220
02/25/85 - Present
NOAA-10

1930

0730
11/17/86 - Present
NOAA-11

1340

0140
11/08/88 - 09/13/94
NOAA-12

1930

0730
05/14/91 - stand by
NOAA-14

1340

0140
12/30/94 - Present
NOAA-15

1930

0730
05/13/98 - Present
NOAA-16

 1400

0200
21/09/00 - Present
NOAA-17

2200

1000

24/06/02 - Present
NOAA-18 1400 0200 20/05/05 - Present
NOAA-B launched May 29, 1980, failed to achieve orbit.
NOAA-13 launched August 9, 1993, failed due to an electrical short circuit in the solar array.

 

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR)

Band # NOAA-6,8,10
(m)
NOAA-7,9,11,12,14,15,16,17,18
(m)

 Spectral Region

1

0.58 - 0.68

0.58 - 0.68

 visible red

2

0.725 - 1.10

0.725 - 1.10

 near-IR

3

3.55 - 3.93

3.55 - 3.93

 thermal-IR

4

10.50 - 11.50

10.3 - 11.3

 thermal-IR

5

band 4 repeated

11.5 - 12.5

 thermal-IR

 

AVHRR data are acquired in three formats:

 

Applications:

  • weather forecasting - Hurricane Fran
  • agricultural assessment
  • land cover mapping
  • producing image maps of large areas such as countries or continents
  • tracking regional and continental snow cover
  • sea surface temperatures
  • energy budget data
  • climate change studies
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    Useful Links:

     


     copyright J.M. Piwowar
    Last Update: 2011-09-02