Landsat Satellites

   

 

 Landats 1,2, 3

Landsats 4, 5

 Landsat 7

Platform

Lifetime
(design)
Altitude Equator Crossing Adjacent Orbits Repeat Coverage Sensors
Landsat 1

1972-1978
 (1 year)

912 km

8:50 a.m.

1 day

18 days
RBV, MSS
 Landsat 2

 1975-1982
(1 year)

 912 km

 9:08 a.m.

 1 day

 18 days
RBV, MSS
 Landsat 3

 1978-1983
(1 year)

 912 km

 9:31 a.m.

 1 day

 18 days
RBV, MSS
 Landsat 4

 MSS: 1982-1987
TM: 1982-1999
(3 years)

 705 km

 9:45 a.m.

 7 days

 16 days
MSS, TM
Landsat 5

 1984-1999
(3 years)

705 km

9:45 a.m.

7 days

16 days
MSS, TM
Landsat 6

 1993
(6 years)

705 km

10:00 a.m.

7 days

16 days
MSS, ETM
Landsat 7

1999-present
(6 years)

705 km

10:00 a.m.

7 days

16 days

 

Landsat Sensors

Sensor Resolution (m) Swath Width (km)  Sensor Channels Spectral Bands (m)  Example
Return Beam Vidicon (RBV)

80 (LS1,2)
30 (LS3)

185

RBV1

0.475-0.575 (green) RBV3 image of Cape Canaveral, Florida

RBV2

0.580-0.680 (red)
RBV3 0.690-0.830 (near IR)
Multispectral Scanner (MSS)

80

185

MSS4

0.5-0.6 (green) MSS image of Hamilton, Ontario (June 21, 1984)
MSS5 0.6-0.7 (red)
MSS6 0.7-0.8 (near-IR)
MSS7 0.8-1.1 (near-IR)
Thematic Mapper (TM)

 TM1

0.45-0.515 (blue)

TM image of Hamilton, Ontario (September 20, 1985)
TM2 0.525-0.605 (green)
30 185 TM3 0.63-0.69 (red)
TM4 0.76-0.90 (near-IR)
TM5
1.55-1.75 (mid-IR)
TM7 2.08-2.35 (mid-IR)
120 185 TM6 10.4-12.5 (thermal IR)
Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+)

15

185

ETM+8

0.520-0.900 (pan)

First public Landsat 7 ETM+ image: Southeastern South Dakota (April 18, 1999)
    ETM+1 0.45-0.515 (blue)
    ETM+2 0.525-0.605 (green)
30 185 ETM+3 0.63-0.69 (red)
    ETM+4 0.75-0.90 (near-IR)
    ETM+5 1.55-1.75 (mid-IR)
    ETM+7 2.09-2.35 (mid-IR)
60 185 ETM+6 10.4-12.5 (thermal IR)

Multispectral Scanner

Landsat Orbits

Other Landsat Imagery

Useful Links:


 copyright J.M. Piwowar
Last Update: 2011-09-02